Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure, Bonding and Reactivity Books

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Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure Bonding and Reactivity


Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure  Bonding and Reactivity
  • Author : Pratim Kumar Chattaraj
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-12-15
  • ISBN : 0128229438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure, Bonding and Reactivity: Theoretical Approaches, Computational Assessment and Applications reviews the latest computational tools and approaches available for accurately assessing the properties of a cluster, while also highlighting how such clusters can be adapted and utilized for the development of novel materials and applications. Sections provide an introduction to the computational methods used to obtain global minima for clusters and effectively analyze bonds, outline experimental approaches to produce clusters, discuss specific applications, and explore cluster reactivity and usage across a number of fields. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert editors and contributors, this book provides a detailed guide to ascertaining the stability, bonding and properties of atomic clusters. Atomic clusters, which exhibit unusual properties, offer huge potential as building blocks for new materials and novel applications, but understanding their properties, stability and bonding is essential in order to accurately understand, characterize and manipulate them for further use. Searching for the most stable geometry of a given cluster is difficult and becomes even more so for clusters of medium and large sizes, where the number of possible isomers sharply increase, hence this book provides a unique and comprehensive approach to the topic and available techniques and applications. Introduces readers to the vast structural and bonding diversity that clusters show and reflects on their potential for novel application and material development Highlights the latest computational methods and theoretical tools available for identification of the most stable isomers and accurate analysis of bonding in the clusters Focuses on clusters which violate the rules established in traditional chemistry and exhibit unusual structure, bonding and reactivity

Physics and Chemistry of Small Clusters


Physics and Chemistry of Small Clusters
  • Author : P. Jena
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • ISBN : 9781475703573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent advances in experimental techniques now enable researchers to produce in a laboratory clusters of atoms of desired composition from any of the elements of the periodic table. This has created a new area of research into novel materials since clusters cannot be regarded either as a "large" molecule or as a fragment of the bulk. Both experimental and theoretical studies are revealing unusual properties that are not ob served in solid state environments. The structures of micro-clusters are found to be significantly distorted from the most symmetric arrangement, some even exhibiting pentagonal symmetry commonly found in icosahedric structures. The unusual stability of certain clusters, now described as "magic number species", shows striking similarities with the nuclear shell structure. The relative stabilities of clusters depend not only on the composition of the clusters but also on their charged states. The studies on spontaneous fragmentation of mUltiply charged clusters, commonly referred to as Coulomb explosion, illustrate the role of electronic bonding mechanisms on stability of clusters. The effect of foreign atoms on geometry and stability of clusters and the interaction of gas atoms with clusters are showing promise for an indepth understanding of chemisorption and catalysis. The magnetic and optical properties are dependent not only on cluster size but also on its geometry. These findings have the potential for aiding industry in the area of micro-electronics and catalysis.

Clusters Contemporary Insight in Structure and Bonding


Clusters     Contemporary Insight in Structure and Bonding
  • Author : Stefanie Dehnen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-27
  • ISBN : 9783319522968
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience.

Focus on Materials


Focus on Materials
  • Author :
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2006
  • ISBN : PSU:000059750826
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synthesis and Reactivity of Carbonyl nitrosyl Clusters


Synthesis and Reactivity of Carbonyl nitrosyl Clusters
  • Author : Douglas Eric Fjare
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1983
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D01942359D
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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