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Computational Materials Engineering


Computational Materials Engineering
  • Author : Koenraad George Frans Janssens
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2010-07-26
  • ISBN : 0080555497
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Materials Engineering is an advanced introduction to the computer-aided modeling of essential material properties and behavior, including the physical, thermal and chemical parameters, as well as the mathematical tools used to perform simulations. Its emphasis will be on crystalline materials, which includes all metals. The basis of Computational Materials Engineering allows scientists and engineers to create virtual simulations of material behavior and properties, to better understand how a particular material works and performs and then use that knowledge to design improvements for particular material applications. The text displays knowledge of software designers, materials scientists and engineers, and those involved in materials applications like mechanical engineers, civil engineers, electrical engineers, and chemical engineers. Readers from students to practicing engineers to materials research scientists will find in this book a single source of the major elements that make up contemporary computer modeling of materials characteristics and behavior. The reader will gain an understanding of the underlying statistical and analytical tools that are the basis for modeling complex material interactions, including an understanding of computational thermodynamics and molecular kinetics; as well as various modeling systems. Finally, the book will offer the reader a variety of algorithms to use in solving typical modeling problems so that the theory presented herein can be put to real-world use. Balanced coverage of fundamentals of materials modeling, as well as more advanced aspects of modeling, such as modeling at all scales from the atomic to the molecular to the macro-material Concise, yet rigorous mathematical coverage of such analytical tools as the Potts type Monte Carlo method, cellular automata, phase field, dislocation dynamics and Finite Element Analysis in statistical and analytical modeling

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering ICME for Metals


Integrated Computational Materials Engineering  ICME  for Metals
  • Author : Mark F. Horstemeyer
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-06-07
  • ISBN : 9781118342657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State-of-the-technology tools for designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials Integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) uses computational materials science tools within a holistic system in order to accelerate materials development, improve design optimization, and unify design and manufacturing. Increasingly, ICME is the preferred paradigm for design, development, and manufacturing of structural products. Written by one of the world's leading ICME experts, this text delivers a comprehensive, practical introduction to the field, guiding readers through multiscale materials processing modeling and simulation with easy-to-follow explanations and examples. Following an introductory chapter exploring the core concepts and the various disciplines that have contributed to the development of ICME, the text covers the following important topics with their associated length scale bridging methodologies: Macroscale continuum internal state variable plasticity and damage theory and multistage fatigue Mesoscale analysis: continuum theory methods with discrete features and methods Discrete dislocation dynamics simulations Atomistic modeling methods Electronics structures calculations Next, the author provides three chapters dedicated to detailed case studies, including "From Atoms to Autos: A Redesign of a Cadillac Control Arm," that show how the principles and methods of ICME work in practice. The final chapter examines the future of ICME, forecasting the development of new materials and engineering structures with the help of a cyberinfrastructure that has been recently established. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Metals is recommended for both students and professionals in engineering and materials science, providing them with new state-of-the-technology tools for selecting, designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials. Instructors who adopt this text for coursework can take advantage of PowerPoint lecture notes, a questions and solutions manual, and tutorials to guide students through the models and codes discussed in the text.

Computational Materials Engineering


Computational Materials Engineering
  • Author : Maciej Pietrzyk
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2015-07-14
  • ISBN : 9780124167247
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Materials Engineering: Achieving High Accuracy and Efficiency in Metals Processing Simulations describes the most common computer modeling and simulation techniques used in metals processing, from so-called "fast" models to more advanced multiscale models, also evaluating possible methods for improving computational accuracy and efficiency. Beginning with a discussion of conventional fast models like internal variable models for flow stress and microstructure evolution, the book moves on to advanced multiscale models, such as the CAFÉ method, which give insights into the phenomena occurring in materials in lower dimensional scales. The book then delves into the various methods that have been developed to deal with problems, including long computing times, lack of proof of the uniqueness of the solution, difficulties with convergence of numerical procedures, local minima in the objective function, and ill-posed problems. It then concludes with suggestions on how to improve accuracy and efficiency in computational materials modeling, and a best practices guide for selecting the best model for a particular application. Presents the numerical approaches for high-accuracy calculations Provides researchers with essential information on the methods capable of exact representation of microstructure morphology Helpful to those working on model classification, computing costs, heterogeneous hardware, modeling efficiency, numerical algorithms, metamodeling, sensitivity analysis, inverse method, clusters, heterogeneous architectures, grid environments, finite element, flow stress, internal variable method, microstructure evolution, and more Discusses several techniques to overcome modeling and simulation limitations, including distributed computing methods, (hyper) reduced-order-modeling techniques, regularization, statistical representation of material microstructure, and the Gaussian process Covers both software and hardware capabilities in the area of improved computer efficiency and reduction of computing time

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering


Integrated Computational Materials Engineering
  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2008-09-24
  • ISBN : 0309178215
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) is an emerging discipline that can accelerate materials development and unify design and manufacturing. Developing ICME is a grand challenge that could provide significant economic benefit. To help develop a strategy for development of this new technology area, DOE and DoD asked the NRC to explore its benefits and promises, including the benefits of a comprehensive ICME capability; to establish a strategy for development and maintenance of an ICME infrastructure, and to make recommendations about how best to meet these opportunities. This book provides a vision for ICME, a review of case studies and lessons learned, an analysis of technological barriers, and an evaluation of ways to overcome cultural and organizational challenges to develop the discipline.

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering ICME for Metals


Integrated Computational Materials Engineering  ICME  for Metals
  • Author : Mark F. Horstemeyer
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-01
  • ISBN : 9781119018384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focuses entirely on demystifying the field and subject of ICME and provides step-by-step guidance on its industrial application via case studies This highly-anticipated follow-up to Mark F. Horstemeyer’s pedagogical book on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) concepts includes engineering practice case studies related to the analysis, design, and use of structural metal alloys. A welcome supplement to the first book—which includes the theory and methods required for teaching the subject in the classroom—Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Concepts and Case Studies focuses on engineering applications that have occurred in industries demonstrating the ICME methodologies, and aims to catalyze industrial diffusion of ICME technologies throughout the world. The recent confluence of smaller desktop computers with enhanced computing power coupled with the emergence of physically-based material models has created the clear trend for modeling and simulation in product design, which helped create a need to integrate more knowledge into materials processing and product performance. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Case Studies educates those seeking that knowledge with chapters covering: Body Centered Cubic Materials; Designing An Interatomic Potential For Fe-C Alloys; Phase-Field Crystal Modeling; Simulating Dislocation Plasticity in BCC Metals by Integrating Fundamental Concepts with Macroscale Models; Steel Powder Metal Modeling; Hexagonal Close Packed Materials; Multiscale Modeling of Pure Nickel; Predicting Constitutive Equations for Materials Design; and more. Presents case studies that connect modeling and simulation for different materials' processing methods for metal alloys Demonstrates several practical engineering problems to encourage industry to employ ICME ideas Introduces a new simulation-based design paradigm Provides web access to microstructure-sensitive models and experimental database Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Case Studies is a must-have book for researchers and industry professionals aiming to comprehend and employ ICME in the design and development of new materials.