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Credibility Assessment


Credibility Assessment
  • Author : David C. Raskin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-12-17
  • ISBN : 9780123947826
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 2001, the late Murray Kleiner and an array of experts contributed to the Handbook of Polygraph Testing, published by Elsevier, which examined the fundamental principles behind polygraph tests and reviewed the key tests and methods used at that time. In the intervening thirteen years, the field has moved beyond traditional polygraph testing to include a host of biometrics and behavioral observations. The new title reflects the breadth of methods now used. Credibility Assessment builds on the content provided in the Kleiner volume, with revised polygraph testing chapters and chapters on newer methodologies, such as CNS, Ocular-motor, and behavioral measures. Deception detection is a major field of interest in criminal investigation and prosecution, national security screening, and screening at ports of entry. Many of these methods have a long history, e.g., polygraph examinations, and some rely on relatively new technologies, e.g., fMRI and Ocular-motor measurements. Others rely on behavioral observations of persons in less restricted settings, e.g., airport screening. The authors, all of whom are internationally-recognized experts associated with major universities in the United States, United Kingdom, and Europe, review and analyze various methods for the detection of deception, their current applications, and major issues and controversies surrounding their uses. This volume will be of great interest among forensic psychologists, psychophysiologists, polygraph examiners, law enforcement, courts, attorneys, and government agencies. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of methods for deception detection Includes methods being used in credibility, such as autonomic, CNS, fMRI, and Ocular-motor measures and behavioral and facial observation Edited by leaders in the field with over 25+ years of experience Discusses theory and application

Credibility Assessment


Credibility Assessment
  • Author : J.C. Yuille
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • ISBN : 9789401578561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Credibility assessment refers to any attempt to ascertain truthfulness. Other terms which have been used to refer to the assessment of credibility include the detection of deception and lie detection. The term lie detection has become virtually synonymous with the use of the polygraph and can no longer be used to refer to the range of procedures currently employed to assess credibility. Also, both lie detection and the detection of deception have a negative cast which does not fully capture the orientation of current approaches to credibility. Consequently, the term credibility assessment has emerged recently as the preferred label. The goal of credibility assessment is typically the determination of the truth of a statement or be found in set of statements. The need or desire to make such an assessment can every human context from marital relations through clinical examinations to police and court interrogations. Examples of the kinds of statements which require credibility assessment are: 1) A child's assertion that she or he has been sexually abused. 2) The claim by a previously suicidal person that he or she has recovered and will not attempt suicide again. 3) The denial of guilt by a suspect in a criminal investigation. 4 ) The confident statement of a witness that he or she is sure in his or her identification of a thief. 5) The vow of loyalty by a potential employee for a security job. It is necessary to assess the credibility of these and similar statements.

Credibility Assessment of Misinformed Vs Deceptive Children


Credibility Assessment of Misinformed Vs  Deceptive Children
  • Author : Yi Shao
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2007
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924107953907
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first study to contrast how adults make credibility assessments about children who experienced a suggestive interview, children who had been coached to lie, and children who were telling the truth. Nine preschool children were interviewed about an event involving a minor infraction. Three of the children reported the truth, four were coached to lie, and two children reported misinformation as the result of a suggestive interview. Eighty-seven college students watched videotaped interviews of these nine children and assessed their credibility. Children who had experienced a suggestive interview were rated as credible as those who were telling the truth. Children who had been coached to lie were rated as less credible than the two groups of children. The results suggest that misleading information gets incorporated into children's memory, thus arguing for a cognitive rather than social explanation of suggestibility. The implication for children's court testimony and jury decisions are discussed. (Abstract).

Credibility Assessment in Refugee Status Determination


Credibility Assessment in Refugee Status Determination
  • Author : Gina Alexandra Moll
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2019
  • ISBN : OCLC:1115134222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis inquires in the assessment of credibility in refugee status determination procedures (RSD procedures). It seeks to understand how theory and practice attempt to limit the inherent subjectivity of such assessment. For this purpose, this thesis maps out a framework of standards and principles applicable to credibility assessment. In a second step, at the example of the Swiss Asylum System, it investigates how these standards and principles are realized in legal practice. On the basis of the observations drawn from this inquiry, certain shortcomings in the national practical conduct of credibility assessment are identified, particularly the limitations on scrutiny of negative credibility findings. Then, on a more abstract basis, two main areas of concern are identified with regard to credibility assessment, namely, the overall complexity of the guidance framework and the increasing pressure on RSD procedures due to ongoing efforts to increase efficiency. Lastly, different measures at national and international level are proposed in order to cope with issues arising from both of these areas. To that extent, it is concluded that with a clear national legal basis, the overall complexity of the framework guiding RSD could be reduced. Also, targeted training measures could promote quality development and adherence to the standards and principles governing credibility assessment. Finally, taking account of the psychological and sociological denominators of RSD, a proposal for an institutionalized conversation at international level is introduced. The aim behind this proposal is to enable an inter-disciplinary knowledge transfer in order to develop a less fragmented and more comprehensive framework for credibility assessment.

Meta Analyses on the Validity of Verbal Tools for Credibility Assessment


Meta Analyses on the Validity of Verbal Tools for Credibility Assessment
  • Author : Verena Oberlader
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2019
  • ISBN : OCLC:1155594315
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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