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Delivering Low Carbon Biofuels with Bioproduct Recovery


Delivering Low Carbon Biofuels with Bioproduct Recovery
  • Author : Lakhveer Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-17
  • ISBN : 9780128218532
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Delivering Low-Carbon Biofuels with Bioproduct Recovery: An Integrated Approach to Commercializing Bioelectrochemical Systems explores current pathways to produce both the bioenergy from bioelectroactive fuel cells (BEFC) and their valuable byproducts using bioelectrochemical systems (BES) approaches. The book focuses on key methods, current designs and established variants of biofuels processing approaches, also including case studies. Chapters review crucial aspects of bioreactor design methodologies, operating principles, bioreactor susceptibility and systems constraints. The book supports vulnerability and hotspot detection through simulation and modeling approaches. Concluding chapters establish drivers for realizable scale-up and commercialization of bioelectrochemical systems. Discusses all major commercially viable biofuels, along with their high-value byproducts Focuses on frontiers of low carbon biofuel technologies with commercialization and scale-up potential Supported by schematics that outline integration with bioelectrochemical systems (BES) approaches

Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading


Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading
  • Author : Nabin Aryal
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-03-31
  • ISBN : 9780323853552
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading systematically summarizes the fundamental principles and the state-of-the-art of biogas cleaning and upgrading technologies, with special emphasis on biological processes for carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), siloxane, and hydrocarbon removal. After analyzing the global scenario of biogas production, upgrading and utilization, this book discusses the integration of methanation processes to power-to-gas systems for methane (CH4) production and physiochemical upgrading technologies, such as chemical absorption, water scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption and the use of membranes. It then explores more recent and sustainable upgrading technologies, such as photosynthetic processes using algae, hydrogen-mediated microbial techniques, electrochemical, bioelectrochemical, and cryogenic approaches. H2S removal with biofilters is also covered, as well as removal of siloxanes through polymerization, peroxidation, biological degradation and gas-liquid absorption. The authors also thoroughly consider issues of mass transfer limitation in biomethanation from waste gas, biogas upgrading and life cycle assessment of upgrading technologies, techno-economic aspects, challenges for upscaling, and future trends. Providing specific information on biogas upgrading technology, and focusing on the most recent developments, Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading is a unique resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the field of biogas production and utilization, including waste-to-energy and power-to-gas. It is also useful for entrepreneurs, consultants, and decision-makers in governmental agencies in the fields of sustainable energy, environmental protection, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, and strategic planning. Explores all major technologies for biogas upgrading through physiochemical, biological, and electrochemical processes Discusses CO2, H2S, and siloxane removal techniques Provides a systematical approach to discuss technologies, including challenges to gas–liquid mass transfer, life cycle assessment, technoeconomic implications, upscaling and systems integration

Renewable Fuel Standard


Renewable Fuel Standard
  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2012-01-29
  • ISBN : 9780309187510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the United States, we have come to depend on plentiful and inexpensive energy to support our economy and lifestyles. In recent years, many questions have been raised regarding the sustainability of our current pattern of high consumption of nonrenewable energy and its environmental consequences. Further, because the United States imports about 55 percent of the nation's consumption of crude oil, there are additional concerns about the security of supply. Hence, efforts are being made to find alternatives to our current pathway, including greater energy efficiency and use of energy sources that could lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as nuclear and renewable sources, including solar, wind, geothermal, and biofuels. The United States has a long history with biofuels and the nation is on a course charted to achieve a substantial increase in biofuels. Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2). The report describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate. Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this report.

Aligning Policies for a Low carbon Economy


Aligning Policies for a Low carbon Economy
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2015-07-03
  • ISBN : 9789264233294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains.

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation


Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation
  • Author : Ottmar Edenhofer
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-11-21
  • ISBN : 1107607108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SRREN) assesses the potential role of renewable energy in the mitigation of climate change. It covers the six most important renewable energy sources - bioenergy, solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind energy - as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It considers the environmental and social consequences associated with the deployment of these technologies, and presents strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion. SRREN brings a broad spectrum of technology-specific experts together with scientists studying energy systems as a whole. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, it presents an impartial assessment of the current state of knowledge: it is policy relevant but not policy prescriptive. SRREN is an invaluable assessment of the potential role of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change for policymakers, the private sector, and academic researchers.