Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos Books

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Marine Animal Forests


Marine Animal Forests
  • Author : Sergio Rossi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-08-15
  • ISBN : 3319210114
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the last decades there has been an increasing evidence of drastic changes in marine ecosystems due to human-induced impacts, especially on benthic ecosystems. The so called “animal forests” are currently showing a dramatic loss of biomass and biodiversity all over the world. These communities are dominated by sessile suspension feeder organisms (such as sponges, corals, gorgonians, bivalves, etc.) that generate three-dimensional structures, similar to the trees in the terrestrial forest. The animal forest provide several ecosystem services such as food, protection and nursery to the associated fauna, playing an important role in the local hydrodynamic and biogeochemical cycles near the sea floor and acting also as carbon sinks. The present book focus its attention on these three dimensional animal structures including, for the first time, all the different types of animal forests of the world in a single volume.

Meiofauna Biodiversity and Ecology


Meiofauna Biodiversity and Ecology
  • Author : Federica Semprucci
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-11-04
  • ISBN : 9783039431328
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sedimentary habitats cover the vast majority of the ocean floor and constitute the largest ecosystem on Earth. These systems supply fundamental services to human beings, such as food production and nutrient recycling. It is well known that meiofauna are an abundant and ubiquitous component of sediments, even though their biodiversity and importance in marine ecosystem functioning remain to be fully investigated. In this book, the meiofaunal biodiversity trends in marine habitats worldwide are documented, along with the collection of empirical evidence on their role in ecosystem services, such as the production, consumption, and decomposition of organic matter, and energy transfer to higher and lower trophic levels. Meiofaunal activities, like feeding and bioturbation, induce changes in several physico-chemical and biological properties of sediments, and might increase the resilience of the benthic ecosystem processes that are essential for the supply of ecosystem goods and services required by humans. As a key component of marine habitats, the taxonomical and functional aspects of the meiofaunal community are also used for the ecological assessment of the sediments’ quality status, providing important information on the anthropogenic impact of benthos.

Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning


Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
  • Author : Martin Solan
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2012-07-19
  • ISBN : 9780191637391
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The biological composition and richness of most of the Earth's major ecosystems are being dramatically and irreversibly transformed by anthropogenic activity. Yet, despite the vast areal extent of our oceans, the mainstay of research to-date in the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning arena has been weighted towards ecological observations and experimentation in terrestrial plant and soil systems. This book provides a framework for extending these concepts to a variety of marine systems. Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning is the first book to address the latest advances in biodiversity-function science using marine examples. It brings together contributions from the leading scientists in the field to provide an in-depth evaluation of the science, before offering a perspective on future research directions for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today and in the future.

Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos


Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos
  • Author : Prince S. Godson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-15
  • ISBN : 012821161X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos provides insight into the characteristic features of marine and estuarine benthos, which play an important role in coastal ecosystem functioning, as they are at the primary level of the food chain. This book provides the latest information on multidisciplinary reflections by various researchers studying the benthic community. Through the chapters, ecosystem services are explored as a way to share approaches and scientific methods to achieve knowledge-based sustainable planning and management of benthic ecosystems. Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos provides a helpful guide for anyone working on marine and estuarine environments, and for those who need an introduction to benthic ecology. The book has a wide range of scientific coverage since it caters primarily to the requirement of marine ecologists, marine benthologists, EIA experts, aquatic researchers, scientists, teachers and research scholars. In addition to this, it also serves as a reference for postgraduate/undergraduate students studying aquatic ecosystems. Policy makers can make use of the book to formulate laws and legislations. Covering all beach types of temperate and tropical countries and addressing issues from the behavioral and physiological adaptations of the biota to explore the effects of pollution and the impact of anthropogenic activities, this book is a standard reference for those interested in sandy shore study, management and preservation. Includes analytical methods and detailed statistical interpretation for qualitative and quantitative analyses of marine and estuarine benthic community structure Presents figures, schematic diagrams and photographs related to benthic diversity of coastal ecosystem to aid in understanding protocols for assessment of the benthic community structure and function Includes case studies throughout each chapter to increase understanding of benthic communities

Methods for the Study of Deep Sea Sediments Their Functioning and Biodiversity


Methods for the Study of Deep Sea Sediments  Their Functioning and Biodiversity
  • Author : Roberto Danovaro
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-12-21
  • ISBN : 9781439811382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For years scientists viewed the deep sea as calm, quiet, and undisturbed, with marine species existing in an ecologically stable and uniform environment. Recent discoveries have completely transformed that understanding and the deep sea is recognized as a complicated and dynamic environment with a rich diversity of marine species. Carefully designed to provide practical information in an easily accessible format, Methods for the Study of Deep-Sea Sediments, Their Functioning, and Biodiversity covers how to investigate the biological components through analysis of their biodiversity. It also provides the protocols and methodological details needed to investigate some aspects of the functional biodiversity of variables commonly utilized to describe and understand the drivers of deep-sea ecosystem functioning. This volume contains detailed protocols for analyzing all benthic components from benthic viruses, prokaryotes, protozoa, foraminifera, to meio-, macro-, and megafauna. It includes step-by-step procedures, with additional notes on the crucial steps or possible difficulties arising from the analysis. Each chapter provides a brief introduction, a description of the sampling procedures and/or the sample treatment, and then the laboratory protocols, providing information on instrument setting and/or the solutions utilized. Each chapter also contains a visual scheme of the protocol for use during laboratory activities and for tracking each laboratory step. Linking information on biodiversity with the functioning of the marine ecosystems, the book covers all living components of the benthos. It provides practical information for anyone studying deep-sea habitats, their characteristics, functioning, and biodiversity.