Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes Books

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Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes


Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes
  • Author : Ali Kargari
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-12-15
  • ISBN : 0128230320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrospun and Nanofibrous Membranes: Principles and Applications covers the fundamental basic science and many engineering aspects of electrospun membrane technology and nanofibers, membrane design and membrane processes. The book comprehensively reviews a wide range of applications of electrospun membranes, including pressure-driven processes, MD process, batteries, oil-water separation, air filtration, drug delivery, fuel-cells and ion-exchange membranes, as well as antimicrobial membranes. It is written for chemical, polymer and materials engineers, professors and students who are working on membrane-based separation technology and electrospun nanofibers, as well as R&D engineers in industry working in the field of membrane technology and nanofibers. Discussions of applications cover water and wastewater treatment, desalination, drug delivery and tissue engineering, new generation of batteries, fuel cells, air filtration, and more. Comprehensively introduces the principles of electrospinning and electrospun membranes Reviews the different configurations of electrospinning Discusses scale-up strategies for nanofiber production

Nanofiber Membranes for Medical Environmental and Energy Applications


Nanofiber Membranes for Medical  Environmental  and Energy Applications
  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-07-30
  • ISBN : 9781351174039
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the nanofiber membrane’s fabrication, characterization, and performance for medical, environment and energy applications. Topics include polymer, inorganic and composite-form nanofiber membrane materials. Top Research teams from varied disciplines and continents outline applied nanofiber membrane fabrication techniques and characterizations. Promising nanofiber membranes for improving and enhancing technologies used in drug delivery, wound healing, tissue engineering, water and wastewater treatment and purification, gas separation and purification, air purification, and fuel cells are discussed along with the likely path forward for commercial usage. Key Features: Shares the most recent discovery solutions from experts all over the globe for the numerous problems in medical, environmental and energy applications. Provides a holistic cycle of nanofiber membrane development which comprehensively discusses the membrane preparation, characterizations, performance and the way forward for a specific process and application. Explains the mechanism of separation and purification. Focuses on the nanofiber membrane’s fabrication, characterizations, and performance in various scenarios and commercial applications.

Development of Low Pressure Filter Testing Vessel and Analysis of Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes for Water Treatment


Development of Low Pressure Filter Testing Vessel and Analysis of Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes for Water Treatment
  • Author : Kyle Nilsen
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2011
  • ISBN : OCLC:785956724
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymeric electrospun nanofibrous membranes were investigated for use in water filtration applications. A customized pressure vessel was designed according to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) to be used to test the membrane for its filtration properties. Low pressure filtration was focused on due to previous research that suggested that high pressure water testing of electrospun polymeric nanofibrous filters could decrease the filtration capability by expanding the pore size within the membrane. During testing it was found that this technology does reduce pathogens but will only remove a portion of them per pass, and thus is not adequate for use as a one pass pathogenic filter. The filter was found to be well suited for the reduction in the amount of suspended and dissolved solids, increasing clarity, and reduction of odor. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to study the electrospun fibrous pads to narrow down on an ideal parameter set that gave the desirable characteristics for the application of filtration. The composition of the polymer, and electrospinning parameters, were also manipulated to give a hydrophilic, or absorbent, membrane to facilitate a low pressure differential for filtration. It was demonstrated that this type of filtration membrane can be manufactured inexpensively while not requiring electricity or other external power source to generate large pressure differentials and flow. This is desirable because it allows this technology to be used in areas where both basic utilities and clean water are limited, for example in remote Africa and India. It was also shown that this filter has benefits over best selling commercial water filters currently on the market. This technology may be best suited for enhancement of tap water where healthier and cleaner water is desired. Pre-filtration of reverses osmosis (RO) or other ultrafine filter system, to increase the life of the primary filter while decreasing fouling and maintenance may be another application.

Electrospun Nanofibers


Electrospun Nanofibers
  • Author : Mehdi Afshari
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-13
  • ISBN : 9780081009116
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrospun Nanofibers covers advances in the electrospinning process including characterization, testing and modeling of electrospun nanofibers, and electrospinning for particular fiber types and applications. Electrospun Nanofibers offers systematic and comprehensive coverage for academic researchers, industry professionals, and postgraduate students working in the field of fiber science. Electrospinning is the most commercially successful process for the production of nanofibers and rising demand is driving research and development in this field. Rapid progress is being made both in terms of the electrospinning process and in the production of nanofibers with superior chemical and physical properties. Electrospinning is becoming more efficient and more specialized in order to produce particular fiber types such as bicomponent and composite fibers, patterned and 3D nanofibers, carbon nanofibers and nanotubes, and nanofibers derived from chitosan. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the manufacture, properties, and applications of nanofibers Covers recent developments in nanofibers materials including electrospinning of bicomponent, chitosan, carbon, and conductive fibers Brings together expertise from academia and industry to provide comprehensive, up-to-date information on nanofiber research and development Offers systematic and comprehensive coverage for academic researchers, industry professionals, and postgraduate students working in the field of fiber science

Membrane Distillation


Membrane Distillation
  • Author : Kang-Jia Lu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-05
  • ISBN : 9781000691009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book aims to elaborate the basics and recent advances of membrane distillation (MD) as the same shows promise for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Starting with fundamentals of MD processes, including the heat and mass transfer analysis, energy evaluation and mathematical modelling, text includes engineering and molecular design of MD membranes. Various types of hybrid systems, including freeze desalination (FD)-MD, MD-crystallization (MDC), pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)-MD and forward osmosis (FO)-MD, will be discussed in this book. Further, it summarizes the future of MD from both industrial and academic perspectives along with energy sources and economic analysis.