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Estimating the Human Cost of Transportation Accidents


Estimating the Human Cost of Transportation Accidents
  • Author : Jagadish Guria
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-03-05
  • ISBN : 9780128126127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Estimating the Human Cost of Transportation Accidents: Methodologies and Policy Implications discusses the estimation methods needed to determine the monetary value of loss of life and quality of life when evaluating transportation safety programs, policies and projects. In addition, it highlights how to overcome the many challenges researchers face in choosing the right values, including estimating loss of life and life quality, examining strengths and weaknesses, and critically analyzing social costs and implications. This book will allow researchers to better formulate accurate social costs, select safety improvement values, and understand limitations. Provides a comprehensive, theoretical, one-stop reference on non-market valuation methodologies, issues and policy implications for transportation health, safety and economics researchers Helps researchers better evaluate the actual total cost of road safety programs, policies and projects, including life quality valuation due to environmental impacts, such as harmful vehicle emissions Provides valuable case studies from around the globe

Alternative Approaches to Accident Cost Concepts


Alternative Approaches to Accident Cost Concepts
  • Author :
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1984
  • ISBN : UOM:39015075539695
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State-level studies of direct motor vehicle accident costs are based on data which are out of date. If these data are used, the Texas Transportation Institute's 1982 update is most accurate and more current than the State-level cost data presented in the AASHTO "Red Book" (1977) and the Transportation Research Board's Methods for Evaluating Highway Safety Improvements (1975). Good national direct cost estimates (and estimates of the cost of police, coroners, etc.) appear in: The Incidence and Economic Costs of Major Health Impairments by Hartunian, Smart, and Thompson (1981) and The Economic Cost to Society of Motor Vehicle Accidents by NHTSA (1983). Good estimates for human capital costs appear in NHTSA (1983) and are preferred over the National Safety Council's 1981 estimates. No estimates exist of psychosocial costs. Estimates of willingness to pay for life and safety would be theoretically superior to human capital costs for use in benefit-cost analyses. Empirical studies of willingness to pay offer widely divergent value-of-life estimates, and most are based on questionable data, assumptions, or estimation procedures. A survey is needed to determine willingness to pay in a highway safety context. Failing that, use of the willingness-to-pay/human-capital approach presented by Landefeld and Seskin in the American Journal of Public Health in 1982 is recommended. It yields willingness-to-pay values approximately 2.128 times as large as human capital costs. A 4-percent discount rate is recommended. All recommended accident cost data are provided in the present report.

Using Public Transportation to Reduce the Economic Social and Human Costs of Personal Immobility


Using Public Transportation to Reduce the Economic  Social  and Human Costs of Personal Immobility
  • Author : Ricardo Byrd
  • Publisher : Transportation Research Board
  • Release : 1999
  • ISBN : 0309066018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report provides a method to define and measure the costs of personal immobility at a local level and contains a compendium of public transportation practices that address immobility, help reduce costs, and possibly provide economic benefits to both the riders and the larger community. The focus is on practices that assist people who need transportation to health care or who are transitioning from welfare to work. This report should be of interest to planners, decision makers, and social service and transportation providers. It should also serve as a resource to assist decision makers and transportation service providers in using their services more effectively to address the issue of personal immobility.

Road Safety Annual Report 2013


Road Safety Annual Report 2013
  • Author : International Transport Forum
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2013-09-12
  • ISBN : 9789282107836
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The IRTAD Annual Report 2013 provides an overview for road safety indicators for 2011 in 37 countries, with preliminary data for 2012, and detailed reports for each country. The report outlines the crash data collection process in IRTAD countries ...