Functional Tactile Sensors Books

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Functional Tactile Sensors


Functional Tactile Sensors
  • Author : Ye Zhou
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-02-15
  • ISBN : 9780128206331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional Tactile Sensors: Materials, Devices and Integrations focuses on the subject of novel materials design and device integration of tactile sensors for functional applications. The book addresses the design, materials characteristics, device operation principles, specialized device application and mechanisms of the latest reported tactile sensors. The emphasis of the book lies in the materials science aspects of tactile sensors-understanding the relationship between material properties and device performance. It will be an ideal resource for researchers working in materials science, engineering and physics. Includes the latest advances and recent developments in tactile sensors for artificial intelligence applications Reviews the relationship between materials properties and device performance Addresses materials and device design strategies for targeted sensing applications

Functional Tactile Sensors


Functional Tactile Sensors
  • Author : Ye Zhou
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-02-01
  • ISBN : 9780128209127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional Tactile Sensors: Materials, Devices and Integrations focuses on the subject of novel materials design and device integration of tactile sensors for functional applications. The book addresses the design, materials characteristics, device operation principles, specialized device application and mechanisms of the latest reported tactile sensors. The emphasis of the book lies in the materials science aspects of tactile sensors—understanding the relationship between material properties and device performance. It will be an ideal resource for researchers working in materials science, engineering and physics. Includes the latest advances and recent developments in tactile sensors for artificial intelligence applications Reviews the relationship between materials properties and device performance Addresses materials and device design strategies for targeted sensing applications

Advanced Tactile Sensing for Robotics


Advanced Tactile Sensing for Robotics
  • Author : Howard R Nicholls
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 1992-12-10
  • ISBN : 9789814505789
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced robot systems require sensory information to enable them to make decisions and to carry out actions in a versatile, autonomous way. Humans make considerable use of information derived through touch, and an emerging domain of robot sensing is tactile sensing. This book considers various aspects of tactile sensing, from hardware design through to the use of tactile data in exploratory situations using a multi-fingered robot hand. In the first part of the book, the current state of progress of tactile sensing is surveyed, and it is found that the field is still in an early stage of development. Next, some fundamental issues in planar elasticity, concerning the interaction between tactile sensors and the environment, are presented. Having established how the basic data can be derived from the sensors, the issues of what form tactile sensors should take, and how they should be used, are considered. This is particularly important given the infancy of this field. The human tactile system is examined, and then biological touch and its implications for robotics is looked at. Some experiments in dextrous manipulation using a robot hand are described, which apply some of these results. The integration of tactile sensors into a complete system is also considered, and another, novel, approach for using touch sensing in a flexible assembly machine is described. Both basic material and new research results are provided in this book, thus catering to different levels of readers. The chapters by world experts in different aspects of the field are integrated well into one volume. The editor and authors have produced a thorough and in-depth survey of all work in robot tactile sensing, making the book essential reading for all researchers in this emergent field. Contents:Introduction to Tactile SensingTactile Sensor DesignsProcessing and Using Tactile Sensor Data (H R Nicholls)Planar Elasticity for Tactile Sensing (R S Fearing)Integrating Tactile Sensors — ESPRIT 278 (Z G Rzepczynski)Distributed Touch Sensing (H R Nicholls & N W Hardy)The Human Tactile System (L Moss-Salentijn)Lessons from the Study of Biological Touch for Robotic Tactile Sensing (S J Lederman & D T Pawluck)Lessons from the Study of Biological Touch for Robotic Haptic Sensing (S J Lederman et al.)Object Recognition Using Active Tactile Sensing (P K Allen)Experiments in Active Haptic Perception with the Utah-MIT Dextrous Hand (P K Allen et al.)Future Trends in Tactile Sensing (H R Nicholls)Appendix — Basic Linear Elasticity (R S Fearing) Readership: Computer scientists and engineers. keywords:Tactile Sensing;Tactile Sensor;Force Sensing;Force Sensor;Image Processing;Intelligent Robotics;Haptics;Robot Gripper;Robot Grasping;Touch Sensing;Touch Sensor “The book is well presented, with copious references to the literature, and will certainly be accepted as a standard work of reference in this area.” Robotica

Robotic Tactile Sensing


Robotic Tactile Sensing
  • Author : Ravinder S. Dahiya
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-07-29
  • ISBN : 9789400705791
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Future robots are expected to work closely and interact safely with real-world objects and humans alike. Sense of touch is important in this context, as it helps estimate properties such as shape, texture, hardness, material type and many more; provides action related information, such as slip detection; and helps carrying out actions such as rolling an object between fingers without dropping it. This book presents an in-depth description of the solutions available for gathering tactile data, obtaining aforementioned tactile information from the data and effectively using the same in various robotic tasks. The efforts during last four decades or so have yielded a wide spectrum of tactile sensing technologies and engineered solutions for both intrinsic and extrinsic touch sensors. Nowadays, new materials and structures are being explored for obtaining robotic skin with physical features like bendable, conformable, and stretchable. Such features are important for covering various body parts of robots or 3D surfaces. Nonetheless, there exist many more hardware, software and application related issues that must be considered to make tactile sensing an effective component of future robotic platforms. This book presents an in-depth analysis of various system related issues and presents the trade-offs one may face while developing an effective tactile sensing system. For this purpose, human touch sensing has also been explored. The design hints coming out of the investigations into human sense of touch can be useful in improving the effectiveness of tactile sensory modality in robotics and other machines. Better integration of tactile sensors on a robot’s body is prerequisite for the effective utilization of tactile data. The concept of semiconductor devices based sensors is an interesting one, as it allows compact and fast tactile sensing systems with capabilities such as human-like spatio-temporal resolution. This book presents a comprehensive description of semiconductor devices based tactile sensing. In particular, novel Piezo Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (POSFET) based approach for high resolution tactile sensing has been discussed in detail. Finally, the extension of semiconductors devices based sensors concept to large and flexile areas has been discussed for obtaining robotic or electronic skin. With its multidisciplinary scope, this book is suitable for graduate students and researchers coming from diverse areas such robotics (bio-robots, humanoids, rehabilitation etc.), applied materials, humans touch sensing, electronics, microsystems, and instrumentation. To better explain the concepts the text is supported by large number of figures.

Soft Tactile Sensors for Mechanical Imaging


Soft Tactile Sensors for Mechanical Imaging
  • Author : Bin Li
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2016
  • ISBN : OCLC:1000240314
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tactile sensing aims to electronically capture physical attributes of an object via mechanical contact. It proves indispensable to many engineering tasks and systems, in areas ranging from manufacturing to medicine and autonomous robotics. Biological skin, which is highly compliant, is able to perform sensing under challenging and highly variable conditions with levels of performance that far exceed what is possible with conventional tactile sensors, which are normally fabricated with non-conforming materials. The development of stretchable, skin-like tactile sensors has, as a result, remained a longstanding goal of engineering. However, to date, artificial tactile sensors that might mimic both the mechanical and multimodal tactile sensory capabilities of biological skin remain far from realization, due to the challenges of fabricating spatially dense, mechanically robust, and compliant sensors in elastic media. Inspired by these demands, this dissertation addresses many aspects of the challenging problem of engineering skin-like electronic sensors. In the first part of the thesis, new methods for the design and fabrication of thin, highly deformable, high resolution tactile sensors are presented. The approach is based on a novel configuration of arrays of microfluidic channels embedded in thin elastomer membranes. To form electrodes, these channels are filled with a metal alloy, eutectic Gallium Indium, that remains liquid at room temperature. Using capacitance sensing techniques, this approach achieves sensing resolutions of 1 mm$^{-1}$. To fabricate these devices, an efficient and robust soft lithography method is introduced, based on a single step cast. An analytical model for the performance of these devices is derived from electrostatic theory and continuum mechanics, and is demonstrated to yield excellent agreement with measured performance. This part of the investigation identified fundamental limitations, in the form of nonmonotonic behavior at low strains, that is demonstrated to generically affect solid cast soft capacitive sensors. The next part of the thesis is an investigation of new methods for designing soft tactile sensors based on multi-layer heterogeneous 3D structures that combine active layers, containing embedded liquid metal electrodes, with passive and mechanically tunable layers, containing air cavities and micropillar geometric supports. In tandem with analytical and computational modeling, these methods are demonstrated to facilitate greater control over mechanical and electronic performance. A new soft lithography fabrication method is also presented, based on the casting, alignment, and fusion of multiple functional layers in a soft polymer substrate. Measurements indicate that the resulting devices achieve excellent performance specifications, and avoid the limiting nonmonotonic behavior identified in the first part of the thesis. In order to demonstrate the practical utility of the devices, we used them to perform dynamic two-dimensional tactile imaging under distributed indentation loads. The results reflect the excellent static and dynamic performance of these devices. The final part of the thesis investigates the utility of the tactile sensing methods pursued here for imaging lumps embedded in simulated tissue. In order to facilitate real-time sensing, an electronic system for fast, array based measurement of small, sub-picofarad (pF) capacitance levels was developed. Using this system, we demonstrated that it is possible to accurately capture strain images depicting small lumps embedded in simulated tissue with either an electronic imaging system or a sensor worn on the finger, supporting the viability of wearable sensors for tactile imaging in medicine. In conclusion, this dissertation confronts many of the most vexing problems arising in the pursuit of skin-like electronic sensors, including fundamental operating principles, structural and functional electronic design, mechanical and electronic modeling, fabrication, and applications to biomedical imaging. The thesis also contributes knowledge needed to enable applications of tactile sensing in medicine, an area that has served as a key source of motivation for this work, and aims to facilitate other applications in areas such as manufacturing, robotics, and consumer electronics.