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Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory


Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory
  • Author : Alfredo Meneses
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-11-23
  • ISBN : 9780124167117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory is a fresh and novel volume of memory study, providing up-to-date and comprehensive information for both students and researchers focused on the identification of neural markers accompanying memory. Contributions by experts in specific areas of memory study provide background on and definitions of memory, memory alterations, and the brain areas involved in memory and its related processes, such as consolidation, retrieval, forgetting, amnesia, and antiamnesiac effects. With coverage of the principal neurotransmitters related to memory, brain disorders presenting memory alterations, and available treatments—and with discussion of neural markers as new targets for the treatment of memory alterations—Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory is a necessary and timely work for researchers in this growing field. Discusses the alterations of memory in diverse diseases Includes coverage from a basic introduction of memory investigation Reviews brain areas and neurotransmitters involved in memory Discusses behavioral models of memory Contains novel insights into the complexity of signaling and memory Includes the neuropharmacological and neurobiological bases of memory

The Role of 5 HT Systems on Memory and Dysfunctional Memory


The Role of 5 HT Systems on Memory and Dysfunctional Memory
  • Author : Alfredo Meneses
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-03-11
  • ISBN : 9780128010839
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drugs acting through 5-HT (5-hydroxytryptamine, or serotonin) systems modulate memory and its alterations, but the mechanisms by which they do so are poorly understood. Agonists and antagonists for 5-HT receptors, as well as serotonin uptake inhibitors, present promnesic (memory-promoting) and/or anti-amnesic effects under different conditions, and 5-HT receptors are also associated with neural changes. The Role of 5-HT Systems on Memory and Dysfunctional Memory: Emergent Targets for Memory Formation and Memory Alterations reviews and summarizes the most recent research related to 5-HT drugs and the mechanisms by which they effect alterations in memory. This latest evidence is reviewed in the context of memory deficits related to brain disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, post-stroke cognitive dysfunctions, Parkinson’s disease, and infection-induced memory impairments. Written by an expert in the field of memory, The Role of 5-HT Systems on Memory and Dysfunctional Memory provides an introduction to the latest research on 5-HT receptors and their contributions to the physiological and pharmacological basis of memory. Examines and summarizes the recent advances in drugs that act through the 5-HT systems Reviews findings in the context of brain disorders that involve memory deficits Covers emergent targets for memory formation and memory alterations

Serotonin and Memory


Serotonin and Memory
  • Author : Alfredo Meneses
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2016-04-01
  • ISBN : 9782889198023
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) systems has benefited from the identification, classification and cloning of multiple 5-HT receptors (5-HT1 to 5-HT7). Increasing evidence suggests that 5-HT pathways, reuptake site/transporter complex and 5-HT receptors represent a strategic distribution for learning and memory. A key question still remaining is whether 5-HT markers (e.g., receptors) are directly or indirectly contributing to the physiological and pharmacological basis of memory and its pathogenesis or, rather, if they represent protective or adaptable mechanisms. Certainly, Alzheimer´s disease (AD) is a very complex neuropsychiatric disorder, where memory becomes progressively dysfunctional resulting in amnesia and dementia, whereas forgetting is a physiological phenomenon occurring all the time as adaptive mechanism. As dysfunctional memory occurs in several neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, stroke, post-traumatic stress disorder. Hence, the aim of this call is collect recent and important findings related to information about serotonin and memory or 5-HT and learning or 5-HT and memory or serotonin and learning.

The Catecholaminergic Innervation of the Rat Amygdala


The Catecholaminergic Innervation of the Rat Amygdala
  • Author : Esther Asan
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-12
  • ISBN : 9783642720857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental evidence indicates that catecholamines are able to modulate information processing in the amygdaloid complex. The dense catecholaminergic innervation of the amygdala may thus exert significant influence upon its well-documented functions in emotion, attention, learning and memory. Dysfunctions of the systems have been suggested to be involved in the etiology of neuropsychiatric disorders including senile dementia, Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia. To further insight into neural mechanisms of the innervation, the present study provides a detailed documentation of ultrastructural and neurochemical characteristics of dopanminergic, noradrinergic and adrenergic afferent fibers and of their target structures in central, basal and intercalated amygdaloid nuclei. A high degree of heterogeneitiy is observed between the nuclei concerning the different catecholaminergic innervation patterns and the peptide content of individual catecholaminergic fibers, as well as concerning the neurotransmitter/-modulator and receptor expression of possible amygdaloid target neurons. The results are discussed with regard to previously documented properties of the nuclei.

Memory Detection


Memory Detection
  • Author : Bruno Verschuere
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-02-24
  • ISBN : 9781139496667
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traditional techniques for detecting deception, such as the 'lie-detector test' (or polygraph), are based upon the idea that lying is associated with stress. However, it is possible that people telling the truth will experience stress, whereas not all liars will. Because of this, the validity of such methods is questionable. As an alternative, a knowledge-based approach known as the 'Concealed Information Test' has been developed which investigates whether the examinee recognizes secret information - for example a crime suspect recognizing critical crime details that only the culprit could know. The Concealed Information Test has been supported by decades of research, and is used widely in Japan. This is the first book to focus on this exciting approach and will be of interest to law enforcement agencies and academics and professionals in psychology, criminology, policing and law.