MicroRNAs and Epigenetic Regulation Books

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Essentials of Noncoding RNA in Neuroscience


Essentials of Noncoding RNA in Neuroscience
  • Author : Davide De Pietri Tonelli
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-06-14
  • ISBN : 9780128498996
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Essentials of Noncoding RNA in Neuroscience: Ontogenetics, Plasticity of the Vertebrate Brain focuses on the role of miRNAs in neurogenesis, gliogenesis, neuronal network formation, and the cell biology of forebrain development. The important role miRNAs play in neuronal maturation, neocortex function, and in some neurodevelopmental disorders is discussed, as are the computational challenges and methods used in the identification of miRNA targets. This book is a valuable reference for neuroscientists who wish to better understand the role of miRNAs in complex processes. It is of strong interest to those working to develop enabling technologies to detect and monitor miRNA expression and function, and to evaluate its roles in neural progenitor proliferation/differentiation, neuronal plasticity, and learning and memory. Discusses the unique features of neural miRNAs Details functional investigation of miRNA actions and current experimental approaches Includes extensive coverage of miRNA biology, developmental and postnatal neurogenesis, and computational challenges for miRNA target identification Contains thorough discussion of the transcriptional control of miRNA expression in forebrain development and in specific neuronal subtypes, as well as miRNA function in neurogenesis, neuronal network maturation, plasticity, gliogenesis, and dysfunction Provides an overview of miRNA roles in neurodevelopmental disorders and their possible role in the evolution of the neocortex

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation


Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation
  • Author : Suming Huang
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-10-19
  • ISBN : 9780128004715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer


Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer
  • Author : Sabita Saldanha
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-11-16
  • ISBN : 9780128134603
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetic signatures that govern disease development, progression and metastasis. Epigenetic signatures dictating tumor etiologies present an opportunity for biomarker identification which has broad potential for improving diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, and risk assessment. This volumes offers a unique evaluation of signature differences in childhood, sex-specific and race-specific cancers, and in doing so broadly illuminates the scope of epigenetic biomarkers in clinical environments. Chapters detail the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications and microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the initiation, progression and metastasis of tumors. Also delineated are recent technologies such as next generation sequencing that are used to identify epigenetic profiles (primarily methylation analysis) in samples (normal, benign and cancerous) and which are highly important to the analysis of epigenetic outcomes. Offers broad coverage that is applicable to audiences in various area of cancer research - population studies, diagnostics, prognosis, prediction, therapy, risk, etc. Provides critical review analysis of the topics that will clarify and delineate the potential roles of epigenetic signatures in cancer management Covers basic, as well as, clinical areas of epigenetic mechanisms in tumorigenesis Features contributions by leading experts in the field Provides comprehensive coverage of current epigenetic signatures involved in the etiology of various cancers and miRNAs

DNA Methylation Protocols


DNA Methylation Protocols
  • Author : Jörg Tost
  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2018-08-30
  • ISBN : 1493984993
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This third edition volume expands on the previous editions by providing a comprehensive update on the available technologies required to successfully perform DNA methylation analysis. The different technologies discussed in this book analyze the global DNA methylation contents, comprehensive analyses using various NGS based methods for genome-wide DNA methylation analysis, along with precise quantification of DNA methylation levels on single CpG positions. The chapters in this book are divided into 7 parts: an introduction to the field along with tips on study design and data analysis; global DNA methylation levels; genome-wide DNA methylation analysis; highly multiplexed target regions; locus-specific DNA methylation analysis; DNA methylation analysis of specific biological samples; and hydroxymethylation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, DNA Methylation Protocols, Third Edition is a valuable resource for postdoctoral investigators and research scientists who work with different aspects of genetics, and cellular and molecular biology, as well as clinicians who are involved in diagnostics or treatment of diseases with epigenetic components.

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases


Computational Epigenetics and Diseases
  • Author :
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-02-06
  • ISBN : 9780128145142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Epigenetics and Diseases, written by leading scientists in this evolving field, provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases. In particular, the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, for example, DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA, are summarized, in the context of human diseases. This book discusses bioinformatics methods for epigenetic analysis specifically applied to human conditions such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, liver and autoimmune disorders, and reproductive and respiratory diseases. Additionally, different organ cancers, such as breast, lung, and colon, are discussed. This book is a valuable source for graduate students and researchers in genetics and bioinformatics, and several biomedical field members interested in applying computational epigenetics in their research. Provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases Summarizes the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA Covers the major milestones and future directions of computational epigenetics in various kinds of human diseases such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes, heart disease, neurological disorders, cancers, blood disorders, liver diseases, reproductive diseases, respiratory diseases, autoimmune diseases, human imprinting disorders, and infectious diseases