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Nanostructured Materials for Solar Energy Conversion


Nanostructured Materials for Solar Energy Conversion
  • Author : Tetsuo Soga
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2006-12-14
  • ISBN : 0080468306
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured Materials for Solar Energy Conversion covers a wide variety of materials and device types from inorganic materials to organic materials. This book deals with basic semiconductor physics, modelling of nanostructured solar cell, nanostructure of conventional solar cells such as silicon, CIS and CdTe, dye-sensitized solar cell, organic solar cell, photosynthetic materials, fullerene, extremely thin absorber (ETA) solar cell, quantum structured solar cell, intermediate band solar cell, carbon nanotube, etc. including basic principle and the latest results. There are many books written on conventional p-n junction solar cells, but few books focus on new concepts in this area. * Focuses on the use of nanostructured materials for solar energy * Looks at a wide variety of materials and device types * Covers both organic and inorganic materials

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion


Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion
  • Author : Tulay Aygan Atesin
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-15
  • ISBN : 9783662595947
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion: Photovoltaic and Solar Energy, is volume 4 of a 4-volume series on sustainable energy. Photovoltaic and Solar Energy while being a comprehensive reference work, is written with minimal jargon related to various aspects of solar energy and energy policies. It is authored by leading experts in the field, and lays out theory, practice, and simulation studies related to solar energy and allied applications including policy, economic and technological challenges. Topics covered include: introduction to solar energy, fundamentals of solar radiation, heat transfer, thermal collection and conversion, solar economy, heating, cooling, dehumidification systems, power and process heat, solar power conversion, policy and applications pertinent to solar energy as viable alternatives to fossil fuels. The aim of the book is to present all the information necessary for the design and analysis of solar energy systems for engineers, material scientists, economics, policy analysts, graduate students, senior undergraduates, solar energy practitioner, as well as policy or lawmakers in the field of energy policy, international energy trade, and libraries which house technical handbooks related to energy, energy policy and applications.

Nanostructured Materials for Solar Energy Conversion


Nanostructured Materials for Solar Energy Conversion
  • Author : Son Thanh Hoang
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2013
  • ISBN : OCLC:862745113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The energy requirements of our planet will continue to grow with increasing world population and the modernization of currently underdeveloped countries. This will force us to search for environmental friendly alternative energy resources. Solar energy by far provides the largest of all renewable energy resources with an average power of 120 000 TW irradiated from the sun which can be exploited through solar electricity, solar fuel, and biomass. Nanostructured materials have been the subject of extensive research as the building block for construction of solar energy conversion devices for the past decades. The nanostructured materials sometimes have peculiar electrical and optical properties that are often shape and size dependent and are not expected in the bulk phase. Recent research has focused on new strategies to control nanostructured morphologies and compositions of semiconductor materials to optimize their solar conversion efficiency. In this dissertation, we discuss the synthesis and characterizations of one dimensional nanostructured TiO2 based materials and their solar energy conversion applications. We have developed a solvothermal synthesis method for growing densely packed, vertical, single crystalline TiO2 rutile nanowire arrays with unprecedented small feature sizes of 5 nm and lengths up to 4.4 [mu]m. Because of TiO2's large band gap, the working spectrum of TiO2 is limited to the ultra violet region with photons shorter than 420 nm. We demonstrate that the active spectrum of TiO2 can be shifted to ~ 520 nm with incorporation of N via nitridation of TiO2 nanowires in NH3 flow. In addition, we demonstrate a synergistic effect involving hydrogenation and nitridation cotreatment of TiO2 nanowires that further redshift the active spectrum of TiO2 to 570 nm. The Ta and N co-incorporated TiO2 nanowires were also prepared and showed significant enhancement in photoelectrochemical performance compared to mono-incorporation of Ta or N. This enhancement is due to fewer recombination centers from charge compensation effects and suppression of the formation of an amorphous layer on the nanowires during the nitridation process. Finally, we have developed hydrothermal synthesis of single crystalline TiO2 nanoplatelet arrays on virtually all substrates and demonstrated their applications in water photo-oxidation and dye sensitized solar cells.

Nanostructured Materials for Type III Photovoltaics


Nanostructured Materials for Type III Photovoltaics
  • Author : Peter Skabara
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2017-11-08
  • ISBN : 9781788012508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials for type III solar cells have branched into a series of generic groups. These include organic ‘small molecule’ and polymer conjugated structures, fullerenes, quantum dots, copper indium gallium selenide nanocrystal films, dyes/TiO2 for Grätzel cells, hybrid organic/inorganic composites and perovskites. Whilst the power conversion efficiencies of organic solar cells are modest compared to other type III photovoltaic materials, plastic semiconductors provide a cheap route to manufacture through solution processing and offer flexible devices. However, other types of materials are proving to be compatible with this type of processing whilst providing higher device efficiencies. As a result, the field is experiencing healthy competition between technologies that is pushing progress at a fast rate. In particular, perovskite solar cells have emerged very recently as a highly disruptive technology with power conversion efficiencies now over 20%. Perovskite cells, however, still have to address stability and environmental issues. With such a diverse range of materials, it is timely to capture the different technologies into a single volume of work. This book will give a collective insight into the different roles that nanostructured materials play in type III solar cells. This will be an essential text for those working with any of the devices highlighted above, providing a fundamental understanding and appreciation of the potential and challenges associated with each of these technologies.

Nanostructured Functional and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems


Nanostructured  Functional  and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
  • Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-12
  • ISBN : 9780128227695
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems gathers and reviews developments within the field of nanostructured functional materials towards energy conversion and storage. Contributions from leading research groups involved in interdisciplinary research in the fields of chemistry, physics and materials science and engineering are presented. Chapters dealing with the development of nanostructured materials for energy conversion processes, including oxygen reduction, methanol oxidation, oxygen evolution, hydrogen evolution, formic acid oxidation and solar cells are discussed. The work concludes with a look at the application of nanostructured functional materials in energy storage system, such as supercapacitors and batteries. With its distinguished international team of expert contributors, this book will be an indispensable tool for anyone involved in the field of energy conversion and storage, including materials engineers, scientists and academics. Covers the importance of energy conversion and storage systems and the application of nanostructured functional materials toward energy-relevant catalytic processes Discusses the basic principles involved in energy conversion and storage systems Presents the role of nanostructured functional materials in the current scenario of energy-related research and development