Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications Books

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Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications


Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : J.L. Coffer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-17
  • ISBN : 9780857097712
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomedical applications have benefited greatly from the increasing interest and research into semiconducting silicon nanowires. Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications reviews the fabrication, properties, and applications of this emerging material. The book begins by reviewing the basics, as well as the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification, of semiconducting silicon nanowires. It goes on to focus on silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery. Finally, it highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing. These chapters explore the fabrication and use of semiconducting silicon nanowire arrays for high-throughput screening in the biosciences, neural cell pinning on surfaces, and probe-free platforms for biosensing. Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications is a comprehensive resource for biomaterials scientists who are focused on biosensors, drug delivery, and tissue engineering, and researchers and developers in industry and academia who are concerned with nanoscale biomaterials, in particular electronically-responsive biomaterials. Reviews the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting silicon nanowires Describes silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery Highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing

Silicon Carbide Biotechnology


Silicon Carbide Biotechnology
  • Author : Stephen Saddow
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-11-14
  • ISBN : 9780123859075
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Silicon Carbide (SiC) is a wide-band-gap semiconductor biocompatible material that has the potential to advance advanced biomedical applications. SiC devices offer higher power densities and lower energy losses, enabling lighter, more compact and higher efficiency products for biocompatible and long-term in vivo applications ranging from heart stent coatings and bone implant scaffolds to neurological implants and sensors. The main problem facing the medical community today is the lack of biocompatible materials that are also capable of electronic operation. Such devices are currently implemented using silicon technology, which either has to be hermetically sealed so it cannot interact with the body or the material is only stable in vivo for short periods of time. For long term use (permanent implanted devices such as glucose sensors, brain-machine-interface devices, smart bone and organ implants) a more robust material that the body does not recognize and reject as a foreign (i.e., not organic) material is needed. Silicon Carbide has been proven to be just such a material and will open up a whole new host of fields by allowing the development of advanced biomedical devices never before possible for long-term use in vivo. This book not only provides the materials and biomedical engineering communities with a seminal reference book on SiC that they can use to further develop the technology, it also provides a technology resource for medical doctors and practitioners who are hungry to identify and implement advanced engineering solutions to their everyday medical problems that currently lack long term, cost effective solutions. Discusses Silicon Carbide biomedical materials and technology in terms of their properties, processing, characterization, and application, in one book, from leading professionals and scientists Critical assesses existing literature, patents and FDA approvals for clinical trials, enabling the rapid assimilation of important data from the current disparate sources and promoting the transition from technology research and development to clinical trials Explores long-term use and applications in vivo in devices and applications with advanced sensing and semiconducting properties, pointing to new product devekipment particularly within brain trauma, bone implants, sub-cutaneous sensors and advanced kidney dialysis devices

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications


Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Hélder A. Santos
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-14
  • ISBN : 9780857097156
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Porous silicon has a range of properties, making it ideal for drug delivery, cancer therapy, and tissue engineering. Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive review of this emerging nanostructured and biodegradable biomaterial. Chapters in part one focus on the fundamentals and properties of porous silicon for biomedical applications, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein-modified porous silicon films, and biocompatibility of porous silicon. Part two discusses applications in bioimaging and sensing, and explores the optical properties of porous silicon materials; in vivo imaging assessment and radiolabelling of porous silicon; and nanoporous silicon biosensors for DNA sensing and for bacteria detection. Finally, part three highlights drug loading and characterization of porous silicon materials, tumor targeting and imaging, and porous silicon scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, stem cell growth, and osteodifferentiation. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in the field. Comprehensive review of porous silicon focusing on the fabrication and properties of this emerging material Specifically discusses drug delivery and orthopedic applications of porous silicon Aimed at materials researchers and scientists in the biomaterials industry – particularly those concerned with drug delivery and orthopedics

Semiconductor Device Based Sensors for Gas Chemical and Biomedical Applications


Semiconductor Device Based Sensors for Gas  Chemical  and Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Fan Ren
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • ISBN : 9781439813881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sales of U.S. chemical sensors represent the largest segment of the multi-billion-dollar global sensor market, which includes instruments for chemical detection in gases and liquids, biosensors, and medical sensors. Although silicon-based devices have dominated the field, they are limited by their general inability to operate in harsh environments

Nanowires


Nanowires
  • Author : Felix Ryler
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2016-10-01
  • ISBN : 1681176688
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The properties of nanowires have caused researchers and companies to consider using this material in several fields. Nanowires are nanostructures that have a thickness or diameter constrained to tens of nanometers or less and an unconstrained length. In addition, many different types of nanowires exist, including metallic, semiconducting and insulating. Nanowires hold lot of promises for different applications. Basic electronic devices like junction diodes, transistors, FETs and logic gates can be fabricated by using semiconductor and superlattice nanowires. Thermoelectric cooling system can be fabricated by using metallic nanowires. Semiconductor nanowire junctions can be used for different optoelectronic applications. Moreover, periodic arrays of magnetic nanowires hold high potential for recording media application. Nanowires are also potential candidates for sensor and bio-medical applications. Depending on what it's made from, a nanowire can have the properties of an insulator, a semiconductor or a metal.Nanowires - Implementations and Applications presents current research in the study of the properties, synthesis and application of nanowires. Topics discussed include semiconductor nanowires and heterostructure based gas sensors; transport properties of nanostructured materials; nanowire array electrodes in biosensor applications and analogies between metallic nanowires and carbon nanotubes.