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Substitute Natural Gas from Waste


Substitute Natural Gas from Waste
  • Author : Massimiliano Materazzi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-05-01
  • ISBN : 9780128156445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Substitute Natural Gas from Waste: Technical Assessment and Industrial Applications of Biochemical and Thermochemical Processes provides an overview of the science and technology of anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification for the treatment of biomass and unrecyclable waste residues. The book provides both the theoretical and practical basis for the clean and high-efficiency utilization of waste and biomass to produce Bio-Substitute Natural Gas (SNG). It examines different routes to produce bio-SNG from waste feedstocks, detailing solutions to unique problems, such as scale up issues and process integration. Final sections review waste sourcing and processing. This book is an ideal and practical reference for those developing, designing, scaling and managing bio-SNG production and utilization systems. Engineering students will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the application of fundamental concepts of bio-SNG production that are illustrated through innovative, recent case studies. Presents detailed scientific and technical information Describes up-to-date concepts, processes and plants for efficient anaerobic digestion and gasification of wastes and syngas utilization Compares gasification with anaerobic digestion for different situations Proposes alternative strategies to increase efficiency and overcome energy balance limitations Includes benchmarking data and industrial real-life examples to demonstrate the main process features and implementation pathways of bio-SNG systems from dry and wet waste, both in developed and developing countries

The Production of Substitute Natural Gas and Recyclables from Municipal Solid Waste


The Production of Substitute Natural Gas and Recyclables from Municipal Solid Waste
  • Author : Sambhunath Ghosh
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1979
  • ISBN : OCLC:64836581
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Upgraded Biogas from Municipal Solid Waste for Natural Gas Substitution and CO2 Reduction A Case Study of Austria Italy and Spain


Upgraded Biogas from Municipal Solid Waste for Natural Gas Substitution and CO2 Reduction     A Case Study of Austria  Italy  and Spain
  • Author :
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2015
  • ISBN : OCLC:1051993821
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Highlights: Biogas can be upgraded to create biomethane, a substitute to natural gas. Biogas upgrading was applied to landfills and anaerobic digestors in 3 countries. Up to 0.6% of a country's consumption of natural gas could be replaced by biomethane. Italy could save 46% of the national CO2 emissions attributed to the waste sector. Scenarios were created to increase biomethane production. Abstract: Biogas is rich in methane and can be further purified through biogas upgrading technologies, presenting a viable alternative to natural gas. Landfills and anaerobic digestors treating municipal solid waste are a large source of such biogas. They therefore offer an attractive opportunity to tap into this potential source of natural gas while at the same time minimizing the global warming impact resulting from methane emissions in waste management schemes (WMS) and fossil fuel consumption reduction. This study looks at the current municipal solid waste flows of Spain, Italy, and Austria over one year (2009), in order to determine how much biogas is generated. Then it examines how much natural gas could be substituted by using four different biogas upgrading technologies. Based on current waste generation rates, exploratory but realistic WMS were created for each country in order to maximize biogas production and potential for natural gas substitution. It was found that the potential substitution of natural gas by biogas resulting from the current WMS seems rather insignificant: 0.2% for Austria, 0.6% for Italy and 0.3% for Spain. However, if the WMS is redesigned to maximize biogas production, these figures can increase to 0.7% for Austria, 1% for Italy and 2% for Spain. Furthermore, the potential CO2 reduction as a consequence of capturing the biogas and replacing fossil fuel can result in up to a 93% reduction of the annual national waste greenhouse gas emissions of Spain and Italy.

Waste Treatment and Disposal


Waste Treatment and Disposal
  • Author : Paul T. Williams
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-04-30
  • ISBN : 9781118687376
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Following on from the successful first edition of Waste Treatment & Disposal, this second edition has been completely updated, and provides comprehensive coverage of waste process engineering and disposal methodologies. Concentrating on the range of technologies available for household and commercial waste, it also presents readers with relevant legislative background material as boxed features. NEW to this edition: Increased coverage of re-use and recycling Updating of the usage of different waste treatment technologies Increased coverage of new and emerging technologies for waste treatment and disposal A broader global perspective with a focus on comparative international material on waste treatment uptake and waste management policies

Advances in Natural Gas Emerging Technologies


Advances in Natural Gas Emerging Technologies
  • Author : Hamid Al-Megren
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-08-02
  • ISBN : 9789535134336
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural gas has become the world's primary supply of energy in the last decades. It is naturally occurring from the decomposition of organic materials, over the past 150 million years ago, into hydrocarbons. It is considered one of the most useful energy sources and the fastest growing energy source in the world. This book presents state-of-the-art advances in natural gas emerging technologies. It contains ten chapters divided into three sections that cover natural gas technology, utilization, and alternative.