Technology-Assisted Neurorehabilitation Books

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Technology Assisted Neurorehabilitation


Technology Assisted Neurorehabilitation
  • Author : Natalia Lopez
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06
  • ISBN : 012819877X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Technology-Assisted Neurorehabilitation introduces biomedical engineers, health professionals and researchers to the study and integration of neurorehabilitation advances, specifically focusing on applied technologies and mathematical methods. Coverage includes neuroanatomy and neuromodulation, robotic rehabilitation devices, signal processing, human-machine interfaces, software development, serious games and virtual reality. It takes an interdisciplinary approach, including real world applications and new trends. Both medical and technological fields are represented, with a focus on neurological disease. With the computerization of today's therapeutic technology, this book is a valuable asset to any student in the bioengineering or healthcare fields. Offers comprehensive coverage of the basics in neurorehabilitation technologies Provides reviews of research on each individual topic within the context of their clinical applications Presents an anatomical/medical overview of normal human physiology and pathology Applies technology, engineering and computing to a rehabilitative top-down approach

Neurorehabilitation Technology


Neurorehabilitation Technology
  • Author : David J. Reinkensmeyer
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-03
  • ISBN : 9783319286037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This revised, updated second edition provides an accessible, practical overview of major areas of technical development and clinical application in the field of neurorehabilitation movement therapy. The initial section provides a rationale for technology application in movement therapy by summarizing recent findings in neuroplasticity and motor learning. The following section then explains the state of the art in human-machine interaction requirements for clinical rehabilitation practice. Subsequent sections describe the ongoing revolution in robotic therapy for upper extremity movement and for walking, and then describe other emerging technologies including electrical stimulation, virtual reality, wearable sensors, and brain-computer interfaces. The promises and limitations of these technologies in neurorehabilitation are discussed. Throughout the book the chapters provide detailed practical information on state-of-the-art clinical applications of these devices following stroke, spinal cord injury, and other neurologic disorders. The text is illustrated throughout with photographs and schematic diagrams which serve to clarify the information for the reader. Neurorehabilitation Technology, Second Edition is a valuable resource for neurologists, biomedical engineers, roboticists, rehabilitation specialists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and those training in these fields.

Emerging Therapies in Neurorehabilitation II


Emerging Therapies in Neurorehabilitation II
  • Author : José L. Pons
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-30
  • ISBN : 9783319249018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reports on the latest technological and clinical advances in the field of neurorehabilitation. It is, however, much more than a conventional survey of the state-of-the-art in neurorehabilitation technologies and therapies. It was written on the basis of a week of lively discussions between PhD students and leading research experts during the Summer School on Neurorehabilitation (SSNR2014), held September 15-19 in Baiona, Spain. Its unconventional format makes it a perfect guide for all PhD students, researchers and professionals interested in gaining a multidisciplinary perspective on current and future neurorehabilitation scenarios. The book addresses various aspects of neurorehabilitation research and practice, including a selection of common impairments affecting CNS function, such as stroke and spinal cord injury, as well as cutting-edge rehabilitation and diagnostics technologies, including robotics, neuroprosthetics, brain-machine interfaces and neuromodulation.

Brain Computer Interface Design for Robot Assisted Neurorehabilitation


Brain Computer Interface Design for Robot Assisted Neurorehabilitation
  • Author : Sumner Lee Norman
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2017
  • ISBN : 0355311054
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stroke is the number one cause of movement disability in the world. In recent years, robotic assistance has empowered people with stroke to complete intensive movement therapy in motivating environments, thus matching or bettering the motor recovery attainable with traditional therapy. Yet, motor deficits remain stubbornly persistent, especially for those with severe impairments.Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) are a technology that can facilitate direct communication between the brain and an external device. BCIs have already been used to control robotic prostheses to replace lost function. The premise of this dissertation is that, with the right tools and knowledge, BCIs could also help restore function to those with movement disability after a neurologic injury. In this dissertation, I investigate use of a BCI to help individuals with a stroke shape their brain activity while moving the fingers with assistance from a robotic orthosis, with the goal of guiding activity-dependent plasticity in the brain to drive motor recovery. The working hypothesis is that appropriately shaping brain activity will improve finger movement ability and provide a therapeutic benefit after stroke.First, I present a computational model of motor learning that uses a neural network to simulate the motor cortex after a stroke and during subsequent finger force recovery. These simulations suggested that BCI-based interventions should target perilesional motor areas, thus restoring normative network recruitment during finger movement, and that targeted training should make up about 20% of total limb use to maximize recovery.In a study of unimpaired people completing a robot-assisted movement task, I identified a key confound of BCI-contingent robot-assisted therapy, showing that robot assistance can affect the BCI even when the participant is passive, which may hinder motor learning. I also present a potential design approach for both the robot and the BCI to avoid this confound.I then explore BCI methodological considerations in two experiments with impaired and unimpaired people moving in a robot-assisted environment. Key results included that bipolar EEG recordings and finger extension movements led to the best models correlating brain state with ensuing movement and are thus most conducive to BCI-based training.The culmination of this work is the design of a BCI-robot rehabilitation paradigm, which I tested in a study with eight people with severe impairment after a chronic stroke. Participants participated in four weeks of a therapy protocol that determined the effect of BCI-based sensorimotor rhythm control on finger extension performance. Here, we found that BCI training can improve subsequent movement performance -- a result never before found for individuals with a stroke. The training also produced therapeutic benefits, indicating its viability as a future rehabilitation intervention. Finally, looking to the future of BCI-robot therapy, I present low-cost alternatives for BCI signal acquisition and wearable robotic devices.

Converging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation III


Converging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation III
  • Author : Lorenzo Masia
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-10-15
  • ISBN : 9783030018450
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book reports on advanced topics in the areas of neurorehabilitation research and practice. It focuses on new methods for interfacing the human nervous system with electronic and mechatronic systems to restore or compensate impaired neural functions. Importantly, the book merges different perspectives, such as the clinical, neurophysiological, and bioengineering ones, to promote, feed and encourage collaborations between clinicians, neuroscientists and engineers. Based on the 2018 International Conference on Neurorehabilitation (ICNR 2018) held on October 16-20, 2018, in Pisa, Italy,, this book covers various aspects of neurorehabilitation research and practice, including new insights into biomechanics, brain physiology, neuroplasticity, and brain damages and diseases, as well as innovative methods and technologies for studying and/or recovering brain function, from data mining to interface technologies and neuroprosthetics. In this way, it offers a concise, yet comprehensive reference guide to neurosurgeons, rehabilitation physicians, neurologists, and bioengineers. Moreover, by highlighting current challenges in understanding brain diseases as well as in the available technologies and their implementation, the book is also expected to foster new collaborations between the different groups, thus stimulating new ideas and research directions.