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The Art of Cryogenics


The Art of Cryogenics
  • Author : Guglielmo Ventura
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-07-07
  • ISBN : 9780080554365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cryogenics is the study of low temperature interactions - temperatures well below those existing in the natural universe. The book covers a large spectrum of experimental cases, including basic vacuum techniques, indispensable in cryogenics. Guidance in solving experimental problems and numerous numerical examples are given, as are examples of the applications of cryogenics in such areas as underground detectors and space applications. Updated tables of low-temperature data on materials are also presented, and the book is supplemented with a rich bibliography. Researchers (graduate and above) in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry with an interest in the technology and applications of low-temperature measurements, will find this book invaluable. Experiments described in technical detail Description of newest cryogenic apparatus Applications in multidisciplinary areas Data on cryogenic properties of new materials Current reference review

Physics of Cryogenics


Physics of Cryogenics
  • Author : Bahman Zohuri
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-11-17
  • ISBN : 9780128145203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physics of Cryogenics: An Ultralow Temperature Phenomenon discusses the significant number of advances that have been made during the last few years in a variety of cryocoolers, such as Brayton, Joule-Thomson, Stirling, pulse tube, Gifford-McMahon and magnetic refrigerators. The book reviews various approaches taken to improve reliability, a major driving force for new research areas. The advantages and disadvantages of different cycles are compared, and the latest improvements in each of these cryocoolers is discussed. The book starts with the thermodynamic fundamentals, followed by the definition of cryogenic and the associated science behind low temperature phenomena and properties. This book is an ideal resource for scientists, engineers and graduate and senior undergraduate students who need a better understanding of the science of cryogenics and related thermodynamics. Defines the fundamentals of thermodynamics that are associated with cryogenic processes Provides an overview of the history of the development of cryogenic technology Includes new, low temperature tables written by the author Deals with the application of cryogenics to preserve objects at very low temperature Explains how cryogenic phenomena work for human cell and human body preservations and new medical approaches

Cryogenic Safety


Cryogenic Safety
  • Author : Thomas J. Peterson
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-26
  • ISBN : 9783030165086
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the current state of the art in cryogenic safety best practice, helping the reader to work with cryogenic systems and materials safely. It brings together information from previous texts, industrial and laboratory safety polices, and recent research papers. Case studies, example problems, and an extensive list of references are included to add to the utility of the text. It describes the unique safety hazards posed by cryogenics in all its guises, including issues associated with the extreme cold of cryogenics, the flammability of some cryogenic fluids, the displacement of oxygen by inert gases boiling off from cryogenic fluids, and the high pressures that can be formed during the volume expansion that occurs when a cryogenic fluid becomes a room temperature gas. A further chapter considers the challenges arising from the behavior of materials at cryogenic temperatures. Many materials are inappropriate for use in cryogenics and can fail, resulting in hazardous conditions. Despite these hazards, work at cryogenic temperatures can be performed safely. The book also discusses broader safety issues such as hazard analysis, establishment of a safe work culture and lessons learned from cryogenic safety in accelerator labs. This book is designed to be useful to everyone affected by cryogenic hazards regardless of their expertise in cryogenics.

Cryogenic Information Report


Cryogenic Information Report
  • Author :
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1986
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105000583117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental Techniques for Low Temperature Measurements


Experimental Techniques for Low Temperature Measurements
  • Author : Jack Ekin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2006-10-12
  • ISBN : 9780198570547
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aimed at a broad readership across applied science, this illustrated text builds a consistent, self-supporting knowledge base of low-temperature apparatus design. Many recent developments in measurement techniques, superconductors, and scaling theory not previously published are covered.