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The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea


The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea
  • Author : Bert Rudels
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-15
  • ISBN : 0128169303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea: Exploration, Observations, Interpretations describes circulation and processes in the Arctic Mediterranean Sea (AMS), how our present knowledge has come about, likely changes in the AMS, and its role in a future, possibly warmer global climate. Authored by a world-renowned leader in the field, this book explores these questions with a look to the future for this globally important sea. It is a must-read for researchers and students in the fields of oceanography and climate science. Relates observed features to active processes and provides sufficient background information to understand theoretical explanations Presents the Arctic Mediterranean Sea in the context of global ocean circulation and climate Provides a modern, comprehensive and coherent treatment of Arctic (and subarctic) physical oceanography

Elements of Physical Oceanography


Elements of Physical Oceanography
  • Author : John H. Steele
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-12-16
  • ISBN : 9780123785558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Elements of Physical Oceanography is a derivative of the Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd Edition and serves as an important reference on current physical oceanography knowledge and expertise in one convenient and accessible source. Its selection of articles—all written by experts in their field—focuses on ocean physics, air-sea transfers, waves, mixing, ice, and the processes of transfer of properties such as heat, salinity, momentum and dissolved gases, within and into the ocean. Elements of Physical Oceanography serves as an ideal reference for topical research. References related articles in physical oceanography to facilitate further research Richly illustrated with figures and tables that aid in understanding key concepts Includes an introductory overview and then explores each topic in detail, making it useful to experts and graduate-level researchers Topical arrangement makes it the perfect desk reference

The Physical Oceanography of Sea Straits


The Physical Oceanography of Sea Straits
  • Author : L.J. Pratt
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • ISBN : 9789400906778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Suppose one were given the task of mapping the general circulation in an unfamiliar ocean. The ocean, like our own, is subdivided into basins and marginal seas interconnected by sea straits. Assuming a limited budget for this undertaking, one would do well to choose the straits as observational starting points. To begin with, the currents flowing from one basin to the next, over possibly wide and time-varying paths, are confined to narrow and stable routes within the straits. Mass, heat and chemical budgets for individual basins can be formulated in terms of the fluxes measured across the straits using a relatively small number of instruments. The confinement of the flow by a strait can also give rise to profound dynamical conse quences including choking or hydraulic control, a process similar to that by which a dam regulates the flow from a reservoir. The funneling geometry can lead to enhanced tidal modulation and increased velocities, giving rise to local instabilities, mixing, internal bores, jumps, and other striking hydraulic and fine scale phenomena. In short, sea straits repre sent choke points which are observationally and dynamically strategic and which contain a full range of fascinating physical processes.

Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics


Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics
  • Author : P.M. Malanotte-Rizzoli
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • ISBN : 9789401108706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the most crucial but still very poorly understood topics of oceanographic science is the role of ocean processes in contributing to the dynamics of climate and global change. This book presents a series of high level lectures on the major categories of ocean/atmosphere processes. Three of these major issues are the focus of the lectures: (1) air--sea interaction processes; (2) water mass formation, dispersion and mixing; (3) general circulation, with specific emphasis on the thermohaline component. Global examples in the world ocean are provided and discussed in the lectures. In parallel, the Mediterranean Sea is a laboratory basin in providing analogues of the above global processes relevant to climate dynamics. They include the Mediterranean thermohaline circulation with its own `conveyor belt'; intermediate and deep water mass formation and transformations, dispersion and mixing. No other book in the field provides a review of fundamental lectures on these processes, coupled with global examples and their Mediterranean analogues.

Physical Oceanography of the Frontal Zones in Sub Arctic Seas


Physical Oceanography of the Frontal Zones in Sub Arctic Seas
  • Author : A.G. Kostianoy
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2004-12-30
  • ISBN : 0444516867
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This title presents the systematization and description of accumulated knowledge on oceanic fronts of the Norwegian, Greenland, Barents and Bering Seas. The main fronts of the Norwegian, Greenland and Barents Seas are part of the climatic North Polar Frontal Zone (NPFZ). The work is based on numerous observational data, collected by the authors during special sea experiments directed at the investigation of physical processes and phenomena inside certain parts of the NPFZ and in the northern part of the Bering Sea, on archive data of the USSR Hydrometeocenter and other research institutions, as well as on a wide scientific literature published in Russian and Western editions. The book contains general information on the oceanic fronts of the Subarctic Seas, brief history of their investigation, state of the knowledge, as well as detailed description of the thermohaline structure of all frontal zones in the Norwegian, Greenland, Barents and Bering Seas and of neighboring fronts of Arctic and coastal origin. Special attention is given to the study of the multifrontal character of the NPFZ and of peculiarities of its internal structure at different locations, to the description of diverse oceanic features observed in the NPFZ, as well as to some characteristics of the horizontal and vertical fine structure of hydrophysical fields in the NPFZ. The main features of the northern Bering Sea's summer ecohydrodynamics are investigated with the help of three-dimensional direct and inverse models.