Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials, Second Edition Books

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Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition


Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials  Second Edition
  • Author : Charles A. Wilkie
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-12-10
  • ISBN : 1420084003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When dealing with challenges such as providing fire protection while considering cost, mechanical and thermal performance and simultaneously addressing increasing regulations that deal with composition of matter and life cycle issues, there are no quick, one-size-fits-all answers. Packed with comprehensive coverage, scientific approach, step-by-step directions, and a distillation of technical knowledge, the first edition of Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials broke new ground. It supplied a one-stop resource for the development of new fire safe materials. The editors have expanded the second edition to echo the multidisciplinary approach inherent in current flame retardancy technology and put it in a revised, more user-friendly format. More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth phenomena The book introduces flame retardants polymer-by-polymer, supplemented by a brief overview of mode of action and interaction, and all the other ancillary issues involved in this applied field of materials science. The book delineates what, why, and how to do it, covering the fundamentals of polymer burning/combustion and how to apply these systems and chemistries to specific materials classes. It also provides suggested formulations, discusses why certain materials are preferred for particular uses or applications, and offers a starting point from which to develop fire-safe materials.

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials


Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials
  • Author : Krzysztof Pielichowski
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-07-15
  • ISBN : 0128230231
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials, Second Edition, offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on materials and product performance. Understanding the thermal degradation of polymers is of paramount importance for developing successful approaches to polymer processing and higher-temperature applications. Controlling degradation requires understanding of many different phenomena, including chemical mechanisms, the influence of polymer morphology, the complexities of oxidation chemistry, and the effects of stabilizers, fillers and other additives. The book begins by presenting thermal degradation mechanisms and kinetics, as well as describing the use of various techniques, such as thermogravimetry in combination with mass spectroscopy and infrared spectrometry, to investigate thermal decomposition routes. These methods have proved useful for defining suitable processing conditions for polymers, and for establishing service guidelines for their application. This is followed by in-depth sections covering polymers and copolymers by category, including polyolefins, styrene polymers, polyvinyl chloride, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesters, polyacrylates, natural polymers, inorganic polymers, high temperature-resistant and conducting polymers, blends, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, nanocomposites, and biocomposites. Finally, other key considerations such as recycling of polymers by thermal degradation, thermal degradation during processing, and modelling, are discussed in detail. This Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and expanded, to include new in-depth sections on conducting polymers, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, polymer nanocomposites, and biocomposites, as well as the latest advances, such as recent developments in thermal analysis techniques used for polymer degradation tests. This is an essential resource for researchers and advanced students in polymer science, materials chemistry, chemical engineering, plastics engineering, and materials engineering, as well as engineers, R&D professionals, and scientists working with polymeric materials for advanced applications, including in construction, automobiles, aerospace, biotechnology, pharmaceutics, packaging, and electronics. Explains mechanisms of polymer degradation making it possible to understand and to predict material behavior at elevated temperatures Offers systematic coverage of each polymer group, supported by data, detailed explanations and critical analysis Investigates thermal decomposition routes of new materials, such as organic-inorganic hybrid materials and polymer nanocomposites

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials


Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2012-10-08
  • ISBN : 9781437734553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Compostable Polymer Materials


Compostable Polymer Materials
  • Author : Ewa Rudnik
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2019-06-04
  • ISBN : 9780080994420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable, or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, degradation, and evironmental issues related to compostable polymers. It emphasizes recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxilogical assessment of polymer materials. It descibes the thermal behavior, including flammability properties, of compostable polymers. It also explores possible routes of compostable polymers waste disposal through an ecological lens. Finally, the book examines the economic factors at work, including price evolution over the past decade, the current market, and future perspectives. Compostable Polymer Materials is an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology, and environmental science. Provides a comprehensive study of the composting process Details methods of compostable polymers preparation, including properties, processing and applications Presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on ecotoxicity testing and biodegradation under real composting conditions of compostable polymers, as well as biodegradation in various environments, such as marine environments and anaerobic conditions Discusses the evolution of waste management in Europe and the United States, as well as the status of MSW disposal and treatment methods in countries such as China and Brazil Overviews biodegradation studies under real composting conditions of products made of compostable polymers, e.g. bags, bottles, cutletry Analyzes evolution of market development, including price of compostable polymers during the last decade

Handbook of Polymer Degradation


Handbook of Polymer Degradation
  • Author : S. Halim Hamid
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000-06-30
  • ISBN : 9781482270181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Covers recent advances in polymer degradation and stabilization. Focuses on the basics of photo- and bio-degradability. Delineates special and general environmental parameters such as solar irradiation, temperature, and agrochemical exposure. Surveys plastic waste disposal strategies such as recycling, incineration, chemical recovery by pyrolysis,