Visual Anatomy & Physiology Books

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The Pupil Behavior Anatomy Physiology and Clinical Biomarkers


The Pupil  Behavior  Anatomy  Physiology and Clinical Biomarkers
  • Author : Andrew J. Zele
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-06-22
  • ISBN : 9782889637560
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What can simple brains teach us about how vision works


What can simple brains teach us about how vision works
  • Author : Davide Zoccolan
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2015-11-18
  • ISBN : 9782889196784
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vision is the process of extracting behaviorally-relevant information from patterns of light that fall on retina as the eyes sample the outside world. Traditionally, nonhuman primates (macaque monkeys, in particular) have been viewed by many as the animal model-of-choice for investigating the neuronal substrates of visual processing, not only because their visual systems closely mirror our own, but also because it is often assumed that “simpler” brains lack advanced visual processing machinery. However, this narrow view of visual neuroscience ignores the fact that vision is widely distributed throughout the animal kingdom, enabling a wide repertoire of complex behaviors in species from insects to birds, fish, and mammals. Recent years have seen a resurgence of interest in alternative animal models for vision research, especially rodents. This resurgence is partly due to the availability of increasingly powerful experimental approaches (e.g., optogenetics and two-photon imaging) that are challenging to apply to their full potential in primates. Meanwhile, even more phylogenetically distant species such as birds, fish, and insects have long been workhorse animal models for gaining insight into the core computations underlying visual processing. In many cases, these animal models are valuable precisely because their visual systems are simpler than the primate visual system. Simpler systems are often easier to understand, and studying a diversity of neuronal systems that achieve similar functions can focus attention on those computational principles that are universal and essential. This Research Topic provides a survey of the state of the art in the use of animal models of visual functions that are alternative to macaques. It includes original research, methods articles, reviews, and opinions that exploit a variety of animal models (including rodents, birds, fishes and insects, as well as small New World monkey, the marmoset) to investigate visual function. The experimental approaches covered by these studies range from psychophysics and electrophysiology to histology and genetics, testifying to the richness and depth of visual neuroscience in non-macaque species.

IBRO Survey of Research Facilities and Manpower in Brain Sciences in the United States


IBRO Survey of Research Facilities and Manpower in Brain Sciences in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Brain Sciences
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1969
  • ISBN : MINN:319510001073508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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ASTIA AD Documents Available in Micro card Form


ASTIA  AD  Documents Available in Micro card Form
  • Author : Armed Services Technical Information Agency (U.S.)
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1954
  • ISBN : OSU:32435018353813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dendritic spines from shape to function


Dendritic spines  from shape to function
  • Author : Nicolas Heck
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2016-02-03
  • ISBN : 9782889197668
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One fundamental requisite for a comprehensive view on brain function and cognition is the understanding of the neuronal network activity of the brain. Neurons are organized into complex networks, interconnected through synapses. The main sites for excitatory synapses in the brain are thin protrusions called dendritic spines that emerge from dendrites. Dendritic spines have a distinct morphology with a specific molecular organization. They are considered as subcellular compartments that constrain diffusion and influence signal processing by the neuron and, hence, spines are functional integrative units for which morphology and function are tightly coupled. The density of spines along the dendrite reflects the levels of connectivity within the neuronal network. Furthermore, the relevance of studying dendritic spines is emphasized by the observation that their morphology changes with synaptic plasticity and is altered in many psychiatric disorders. The present Research Topic deals with some of the most recent findings concerning dendritic spine structure and function, showing that, in order to understand how brain neuronal activity operates, these two factors should be regarded as being intrinsically linked.