When Affirmative Action Was White Books

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When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America


When Affirmative Action Was White  An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America
  • Author : Ira Katznelson
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2006-08-17
  • ISBN : 9780393347142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A groundbreaking work that exposes the twisted origins of affirmative action. In this "penetrating new analysis" (New York Times Book Review) Ira Katznelson fundamentally recasts our understanding of twentieth-century American history and demonstrates that all the key programs passed during the New Deal and Fair Deal era of the 1930s and 1940s were created in a deeply discriminatory manner. Through mechanisms designed by Southern Democrats that specifically excluded maids and farm workers, the gap between blacks and whites actually widened despite postwar prosperity. In the words of noted historian Eric Foner, "Katznelson's incisive book should change the terms of debate about affirmative action, and about the last seventy years of American history."

Affirmative Action


Affirmative Action
  • Author : Tim J. Wise
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-11-12
  • ISBN : 9781136078422
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Affirmative Action examines the larger structure of institutional white privilege in education, and compares the magnitude of white racial preference with the policies typically envisioned when the term "racial preference" is used. In doing so, the book demonstrates that the American system of education is both a reflection of and a contributor to a structure of institutionalized racism and racial preference for the dominant majority.

Affirmative Action Around the World


Affirmative Action Around the World
  • Author : Thomas Sowell
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2005-03-11
  • ISBN : 0300107757
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An eminent authority presents a new perspective on affirmative action in a provocative book that will stir fresh debate about this vitally important issue

The Affirmative Action Puzzle


The Affirmative Action Puzzle
  • Author : Melvin I. Urofsky
  • Publisher : Pantheon
  • Release : 2020
  • ISBN : 9781101870877
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A rich, multifaceted history of affirmative action from the Civil Rights Act of 1866 through today's tumultuous times From acclaimed legal historian, author of a biography of Louis Brandeis ("Remarkable" --Anthony Lewis, The New York Review of Books, "Definitive"--Jeffrey Rosen, The New Republic) and Dissent and the Supreme Court ("Riveting"--Dahlia Lithwick, The New York Times Book Review), a history of affirmative action from its beginning with the Civil Rights Act of 1866 to the first use of the term in 1935 with the enactment of the National Labor Relations Act (the Wagner Act) to 1961 and John F. Kennedy's Executive Order 10925, mandating that federal contractors take "affirmative action" to ensure that there be no discrimination by "race, creed, color, or national origin" down to today's American society. Melvin Urofsky explores affirmative action in relation to sex, gender, and education and shows that nearly every public university in the country has at one time or another instituted some form of affirmative action plan--some successful, others not. Urofsky traces the evolution of affirmative action through labor and the struggle for racial equality, writing of World War I and the exodus that began when some six million African Americans moved northward between 1910 and 1960, one of the greatest internal migrations in the country's history. He describes how Harry Truman, after becoming president in 1945, fought for Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practice Act and, surprising everyone, appointed a distinguished panel to serve as the President's Commission on Civil Rights, as well as appointing the first black judge on a federal appeals court in 1948 and, by executive order later that year, ordering full racial integration in the armed forces. In this important, ambitious, far-reaching book, Urofsky writes about the affirmative action cases decided by the Supreme Court: cases that either upheld or struck down particular plans that affected both governmental and private entities. We come to fully understand the societal impact of affirmative action: how and why it has helped, and inflamed, people of all walks of life; how it has evolved; and how, and why, it is still needed.

The Hidden Cost of Being African American


The Hidden Cost of Being African American
  • Author : Thomas M. Shapiro
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2004
  • ISBN : 0195181387
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shapiro, the author of "Black Wealth/White Wealth," blends personal stories, interviews, empirical data, and analysis to illuminate how family assets produce dramatic consequences in the everyday lives of ordinary citizens.