Description : Although they are two aspects of the same subject, environmental toxicology and environmental chemistry are usually presented as though they are entirely separate from one another; even their practitioners often seem unaware of the connections. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry is the first text to tie these subjects closely together, demonstrating the immediate relevance of each subject to the other while also providing basic, easily understandable introductions to both areas. This unique work presents their principles and applications through numerous illustrative examples and special topics that highlight current environmental concerns. It provides up-to-date as well as historical examples of both subjects and includes discussions of ecotoxicology, epidemiology, predictive methods, and other topics not covered in similar texts. It also includes invertebrates and nonmammal vertebrates, plants, and microorganisms, as well as humans and other mammals. The first five chapters place chemicals in the environment; the following five provide the biological and toxicological settings; and the remaining six chapters offer examples of specific chemicals, their toxic effects and significance, and predictions of fate and toxicity. Each chapter concludes with a discussion of a related topic of particular public and scientific interest, such as chemical carcinogens, pesticide residues, or hazardous wastes. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in environmental toxicology courses, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry offers a timely, comprehensive introduction to the principles of toxicology as they apply to our environment. It is also useful for professionals and practitioners in a wide range of environmentally related fields and businesses.
Description : Properties, sources of formation, reactions, and detection of oxygen species form the first part of this volume. Biochemical, toxicological and environmental aspects are dealt with in detail in the following chapters. This information provides the basis for a state-of-the-art understanding of the role of oxygen species in environmental pollution and as a health hazard.
Description : The fifth edition includes new sections on the use of adverse outcome pathways, how climate change changes how we think about toxicology, and a new chapter on contaminants of emerging concern. Additional information is provided on the derivation of exposure-response curves to describe toxicity and they are compared to the use of hypothesis testing. The text is unified around the theme of describing the entire cause-effect pathway from the importance of chemical structure in determining exposure and interaction with receptors to the use of complex systems and hierarchical patch dynamic theory to describe effects to landscapes.
Description : The book that looks at mercury's impact on the planet today Recent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six womenof childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies,which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurologicalimpairment. Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals andecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essentialinformation that anyone interested in environmental sciences shouldknow about the fundamentals of the entire mercury cycle. Comprised of four parts that present an overview of mercury inthe environment, mercury transformations, transport, andbioaccumulation and toxicology, each chapter of EnvironmentalChemistry and Toxicology of Mercury includes the basic concepts ofthe targeted subject, a critical review of that subject, and thefuture research needs. This book explains the environmental behavior and toxicologicaleffects of mercury on humans and other organisms, and provides abaseline for what is known and what uncertainties remain in respectto mercury cycling. The chapters focus on the fundamental scienceunderlying the environmental chemistry and fate of mercury. Thiswork will be invaluable to a wide range of policy experts,environmental scientists, and other people requiring acomprehensive source for the state of the science in thisfield.
Description : Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry integrated throughout the book. This new edition of a bestseller provides an updated text with an increased emphasis on sustainability and green chemistry. It is organized based on the five spheres of Earth’s environment: (1) the hydrosphere (water), (2) the atmosphere (air), (3) the geosphere (solid Earth), (4) the biosphere (life), and (5) the anthrosphere (the part of the environment made and used by humans). The first chapter defines environmental chemistry and each of the five environmental spheres. The second chapter presents the basics of toxicological chemistry and its relationship to environmental chemistry. Subsequent chapters are grouped by sphere, beginning with the hydrosphere and its environmental chemistry, water pollution, sustainability, and water as nature’s most renewable resource. Chapters then describe the atmosphere, its structure and importance for protecting life on Earth, air pollutants, and the sustainability of atmospheric quality. The author explains the nature of the geosphere and discusses soil for growing food as well as geosphere sustainability. He also describes the biosphere and its sustainability. The final sphere described is the anthrosphere. The text explains human influence on the environment, including climate, pollution in and by the anthrosphere, and means of sustaining this sphere. It also discusses renewable, nonpolluting energy and introduces workplace monitoring. For readers needing additional basic chemistry background, the book includes two chapters on general chemistry and organic chemistry. This updated edition includes three new chapters, new examples and figures, and many new homework problems.
Description : Comprehensive introductory textbook for students and specialists in ecology, environmental science, and chemistry.